- COURT DIRECTEDDNA testing for UK Courts of Law
- FOR IMMIGRATIONTo support UK passport or Visa applications
- SIBLING TESTSTo test if two individuals share the same parents
- MATERNITY TESTINGParticularly useful in adoption cases
- GRANDPARENTAGE TESTSUseful if the father is not available
- TWIN TESTINGTo identify identical or non-identical twins
- MITOCHONDRIAL TESTSTo trace the maternal line
- Y-CHROMOSOME TESTSTo trace the paternal line
- WILLS & PROBATEAn increasingly popular means of resolving probate disputes
- PERSONAL DNA PROFILINGTo store your DNA sample and a copy of your DNA profile
- COUSIN TESTSConsidered to be of limited value
- DNA@HomeHome DNA paternity testing from DNA@Home
CELLMARK AND "PEACE OF MIND" DNA TESTING.
We believe that our customers get peace of mind by knowing that their paternity test will be carried out professionally and reliably by the UK's most experienced paternity laboratory. Our customers know that they can trust Cellmark's"legal" DNA testing test results and be certain that they will be accepted as proof of evidence in UK courts of law.
So called "Peace of Mind" paternity tests, otherwise known as "curiousity testing", "self sampling testing" and "home testing" do not normally follow the same procedures that Cellmark's "Court Approved" DNA tests do. Cellmark has, historically, not offered "Home DNA testing" and before you elect to use such a test - including Cellmark's new DNA@Home service you should consider the following:
By their very nature of being "home" or "self-sampled" no independent sampler is required and these tests therefore will not meet the standards originally set down by the Dept. of Health's voluntary code of Practice. The subsequent Human Genetics Commission's "Common Framework of Principles" and the Human Tissue Act focus more on the issue of consent and how this can be ensured. All reputable DNA testing services abide by the Codes of Practice set out in these.
All persons to be tested must still sign a consent form - this is an absolute requirement under the Human Tissue Act 2004, and failure to ensure this can open yourself up to the offence of "DNA theft" which is punishable by a prison sentence of up to 3 years and/or a fine of £3000 even if your sample is sent overseas). The issue of consent in home dna testing cases is still something that the Human Tissue Act applies to.
Under the Human Tissue Act 2004, consent is required for a biological sample to be DNA tested to determine paternity or any other relationship.Written, informed consent must be provided for every sample that is tested: for each adult sample and for each sample taken from a child.
In fact, since 2006 it has been a criminal offence throughout the UK to have a biological sample in your possession, with the intention of analysing its DNA for a paternity test, if it was not given with informed consent. Cellmark therefore provides a consent form for each sample. The consent forms must all be completed and signed by the donor of the sample, or, in the case of a child, by a person who is in a legal position to give consent.
Someone with Parental Responsibility for a child must provide written consent:
- The mother of the child will automatically have Parental Responsibility
- The father of the child who is married to the mother will also automatically have Parental Responsibility
- The father who is not married to the mother may also have Parental Responsibility if:
- He is named on the birth certificate, provided that the birth was registered (or re-registered) after 1st December 2003, or
- He has a formal Parental Responsibility Agreement lodged with a court, or
- He has a Parental Responsibility Order or a Residence Order
Someone other than the parents may also have Parental Responsibility for a child (usually by Court Order).
In signing the Consent form for a child you are confirming not only that you give consent, but also that you have the legal right to provide consent. Please seek Legal advice if there is any doubt about whether you have Parental Responsibility. Please note that it is a serious offence, punishable by fine and/or imprisonment, to impersonate another person for the purpose of providing a bodily sample, or to submit a sample for testing when you are not in a position to provide consent for that sample to be tested.
Should you decide to have a "peace of mind" paternity test and subsequently end up having to go to court to resolve the issue you will need to undergo another paternity test - this time a "Court Approved" test. So, instead of saving yourself money you could actually end up spending more!
We recommend that you talk to a third party such as the Citizens Advice Bureau, your GP or a family friend. Alternatively you can call Cellmark free on 08000 362 522 for free, confidential advice.
If, after careful consideration, you have decided that home DNA paternity testing is the right course of action for you then Cellmark now offers such a service - called DNA@Home. Cellmark’s commitment to achieving and maintaining independently audited quality standards is your guarantee that the DNA@Home test result, although not accepted in court, was still produced using robust laboratory procedures and stringent quality control and that your personal information will be safe with us. All of our DNA testing is carried out in our state-of-the-art accredited laboratories in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, here in the UK. Visit the DNA@Home website for further details.
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